top of page

Do you know the differences between Permanent Residence and Citizenship in Canada?

Updated: May 19, 2023

For Vietnamese version, please click here

When you plan to immigrate to Canada, you could hear some popular terms such as “PR” and Canadian citizenship. Many questions arise such as: What does “permanent residence” mean and what are the differences between a permanent resident and a Canadian citizen?

What does“permanent resident” mean?

A “permanent resident” is someone who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently. To immigrate to Canada, applying for Permanent Residence is the first step.

There are several categories under which you can apply for Permanent Residence in Canada, including through an Economic Class (Skilled worker, Entrepreneur and Investor – our specialty), through the Family Class or as a Refugee.

You will need to be physically present in Canada for at least 2 out of 5 years in order to maintain your status as a Permanent Resident.

What about getting your Canadian Citizenship

To become a Canadian citizen, there are multiple requirements that you’ll have to meet. For one, you’ll need to be a permanent resident in order to be eligible. Your permanent resident status will allow you to meet the second condition, which is to live in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years, or 1,095 days. Aside from also passing a citizenship test and proving that you have sufficient language skills, the government may require that you file your annual taxes during the time you are in Canada.

How do Permanent Residence and Citizenship compare?

As a permanent resident, you will have most social benefits Canadian citizens do, including health care coverage and an Old Age Security (OAS) pension. Your children also receive child benefits, student loans and grants. The public system is free at the elementary and secondary levels for children and students have access to affordable tuition fees at higher education institutions.

You’ll be able to work, live and study anywhere within Canada. With the PR card, you can enter the Canadian territory and travel outside the country without restrictions.

You are protected under Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. You also have the same rights as Canadian citizens do to own assets such as property, houses and cars.

However, two things you can’t do include not being able to vote or run for a political position and hold certain jobs with high-level security clearance.

Where do you start?

Get in touch with us! Our lawyers will help you each step of the way whilst maximizing the chances of a successful application. Call us or fill out the contact form – we are here for you.

Source: Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (09/02/2021)

CJ Legal Services Vietnam

Telephone: (+84) 028 3821 6083

Address: 18th floor, Unit 1802, Bitexco Financial Tower, No 2 Hai Trieu Street, Ben Nghe Ward, District 1, HCMC.


Be part of our business community

bottom of page